How solar Works
Energy radiating directly from the sun has always been available to us.
Since the development of the first solar cell in 1954, its usage has continued to grow steadily along with its efficiency. If you have ever used a calculator that operates without a battery, you have seen solar energy at work. Solar calculators use solar cells to harness light from the sun. In this same way, people can use solar energy on a larger scale to power their homes and buildings.
How do solar cells convert sunlight into electricity? These photovoltaic (PV) cells are made up of special materials, particularly the element silicon, which allows them to absorb light. Silicon is known as a semiconductor due to its absorptive and insulative properties.
In solar cells, silicon is placed under non-reflective glass to collect photons (units of electromagnetic energy) from the sun. The PV cells have one or more electric fields that essentially force the electrons harnessed by the absorption of sunlight to move in a certain direction. This movement of electrons, called a current, is further guided by metal contacts on the PV cell.
Individual solar cells are packaged into solar panels that can be mounted on your roof or on the ground to take advantage of the free energy landing there every day.
Photovoltaic systems can either be standalone or grid connected. In a grid-connected system, the PV cells produce power in parallel with the electrical utility (i.e. your local power company), which uses a utility grid to connect and distribute power to its users.
How Solar Works In your Home or Business
After installation, solar panels absorb the sun’ s rays, even on cloudy days, and convert the DC current from the solar panels to AC current for use through a standard utility meter that tracks your net power use while taking into account the electricity production from your solar system.
During sunny days when your solar system generates more power than your home needs, tour electric meter actually reverses direction and spins backwards as you lend that energy to the utility grid. When the sun goes down, you effectively retrieve that energy when you need it. This process is called net metering.
How powerful is solar energy? When you consider that enough sunlight falls on the earth's surface each minute to meet the world's energy demands for an entire year, it's clear that sunlight represents a great alternative energy opportunity.
Today, solar power is considered the most abundant, reliable, clean source of all known energy sources, and we've noly just begun to tap its potential.